What date is it really? The Hindu Calendar - Storytrails
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What date is it really? The Hindu Calendar

When is New Year's day? Well, that depends on who you ask. For many in the north, Diwali is New Year's day. But it falls on different days each year. The Tamil, Malayalees, Punjabis and Assamese celebrate their New Year on 14 April. But the Telugus, Kannadigas and Maharashtrians celebrate their New Year on different dates. How are these dates determined and why are calendars so different for people in the same country? This story will you through time of how calendars evolved, how ancient Indians and people across the world measured time.

When exactly does the new year begin? That depends on who is answering. For many North Indians, Diwali is New Year’s Day. But it falls on a different date each year. April 14th is Puthandu, Vishu, Baisakhi, and Bihu – the New Year’s Day for Tamils, Malayalees, Punjabis, and Assamese. But Ugadi and Gudi Padawa – the New Year’s Day for Telugus, Kannadigas and Marathis falls on a different date each year. How are these dates determined and why are calendars so different? This is the story of how ancient Indians and people across the world measured time.

Editing credits: Studio A, Chennai

Music, Sound Design, Mix & Master – S. S. Sriram (instagram.com/ss.sriram)

Illustrations: Vibha Surya

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  1. Farming video – Pixabay
  2. Day and Night – Pexels, https://www.pexels.com/video/campers-view-of-the-sky-from-dusk-until-dawn-2735069/
  3. Claudius Ptolemy – By TraditionaL aSTROLOGER – magazine, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15640474
  4. The astronomer, Painting by Johannes Vermeer – By Johannes Vermeer – https://artsandculture.google.com/asset/wd/bQELiVC_QJaAlQ, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=116806430
  5. Arab Mathematicians – By wellcomecollection.org – https://wellcomecollection.org/works/uxszh74n, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=110498177
  6. Arabic Calendar – By مشاري محمد بن خنين from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia – [https://www.flickr.com/photos/x_meshari/6400065593/ 1433 \ 01 \ زثعق.٣ظ٣٣ظظ٣ذظ٣ظظ٣ظ٣ظ *€*٣٧٢01], CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=48486875
  7. Aryabhatta – By 1940368 Hemateja – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=95798970
  8. Meghnad Saha – Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=39500054
  9. Panchangam – By Azhagiya manavalan – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18245305



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